Papers in review/revision

80. Ostermeijer, G., Aben, F.M., Mitchell, T.M., Rockwell, T.K., Rempe, M., Farrington, K.  Evolution of co-seismic off-fault damage towards pulverisation


79. Magnarini, G.,  Mitchell, T.M., Grindrod, P., Schmitt, H.  The control of landslide lateral confinement over deposit thickness and longitudinal ridges behaviour: the tsiolkovskiy crater landslide, the moon. (in review, JGR Planets)


78. Masoch, S., Gomila, R., Fondriest, M., Jensen, E., Mitchell, T.M. , Pennacchioni, G., Cembrano, J., Di Toro, G. Structural evolution of a large-scale seismogenic fault in a magmatic arc: The Bolfin Fault Zone (Atacama Fault System)


77. Gomila, R., Fondriest, M., Jensen, E., Spagnuolo, E., Masoch, S., Mitchell, T.M., Magnarini, G., Bistacchi, A., Mittempergher, S., Faulkner, D., Cembrano, J., Di Toro, G.  Frictional melting in fluid–rich faults: Field and experimental evidence from the Bolfín Fault Zone (Chile). In review,  G cubed.


76. Platt, J, Mitchell, T.M., Prior, D.J., Negrini, M., Fan, S., Jefferd, M., Winnard, B.  Stress sensitivity of high-temperature microstructures in quartz and ice. (in review, JSG)


75. Tao Xu, Tengfei Fu, Philip Meredith, Thomas Mitchell, Michael Heap, Yoshitaka Nara. (in review, IJRMMS) Meso-mechanical approach to time-dependent deformation and fracturing of partially saturated sandstone. 


74. Magnarini,G., Mitchell, T.M., Goren, L., Grindrod, P. and Browning, J. Wavelength of longitudinal ridges scales with thickness of terrestrial long runout landslides: the el magnifico rock avalanche, chile. (in review, EPSL)


Published papers


Note: Student papers have * and are underlined.


73. Mahzari P., Sesnic AS, Sanchez-Roa C., Saldi G., Mitchell T.M., Oelkers EH., Hjorleifsdottir V., Snaebjornsdottir S. O., Ratouis T., Striolo A., Jones AP., (2021) “Comprehensive geological and fracture characterisation of Husmuli injection zone of Hellisheidi geothermal reservoir”, Geothermics, (in press).


72.  Baird, T.R., Bristow, S., Luo, W., Du, E., Bryant, R.G., Mitchell, T.M., & Vermeesch, P. Blowouts of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: Morphometrics and Mass Balances derived from Structure-from-motion, geospatial reconstructions, and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) surveys, (in press), Frontiers in Earth Sciences

71. Mahzari, P, Mitchell, T.M., Jones, A.P, Westacott, D., Striolo, A.  (in press, Science Advances), Direct Gas-in-Place Measurements Prove Much Higher Production Potential than Expected for Shale Formations.

70. Meyer, G., Brantut, N., Mitchell, T.M., Meredith, P. & Plumper , O. Time dependent mechanical crack closure as a potential rapid source of post‐seismic wave speed recovery : insights from experiments in Carrara marble. (JGR Solid Earth)


69. Stanton-Yonge, A., Sánchez-Roa, C., Mitchell, T.M., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.O., Meredith, P.  Structural Patterns and Transitional States of Stress in an Active Triple Junction: the Hengill Region, SW Iceland


68. Tao Xu, Mr Tengfei Fu, Dr Michael Heap, Professor Philip Meredith, Dr Tianhong Yang, Thomas Mitchell, Professor Yoshitaka Nara. Analysis of capillary water imbibition in sandstone via a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging and numerical DEM modelling. Engineering Geology


67. Jefferd, M., Brantut, N., Meredith, P.G., Mitchell, T.M. Compactive Sandstone Deformation under Crustal Temperatures and Pressures. JGR Solid Earth


66. Montheil, L. Toy, V.G, Scott, J. M., Mitchell, T.M. & Dobson, D.  Influence of coseismic frictional melting on particle size, shape distribution and chemistry of experimentally-generated pseudotachylite: examples from tonalite and Westerly Granite


65. Matthew T. Dorsey, Thomas K. Rockwell, Gary H. Girty, Giles A. Ostermeijer, John Browning, Thomas M. Mitchell, John M. Fletcher.  Evidence of Hydrothermal Brine Circulation Driving Elemental Mass Redistribution in an Active Fault Zone. Journal of Structural Geology


64. Panteleev, I., V. Lyakhovsky, J. Browning, P. G. Meredith, D. Healy, and T. M. Mitchell (2021), Non-linear anisotropic damage rheology model: Theory and experimental verification, European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, 85, doi:10.1016/j.euromechsol.2020.104085.






63. Aben, F.M., Brantut, N., Mitchell, T.M., 2020. Off-Fault Damage Characterization During and After Experimental Quasi-Static and Dynamic Rupture in Crustal Rock From Laboratory P Wave Tomography and Microstructures. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 125, e2020JB019860.


62. Ali Daoud, John Browning, Philip G Meredith, Thomas M MitchellMicrostructural controls on thermal crack damage and the presence of a Kaiser temperature-memory effect during cyclic thermal stressing of rocks. GRL


61. C. Sanchez-Roa, G. D. Saldi, T. M. Mitchell, F. Iacoviello, J. Bailey, P. R. Shearing, E. H. Oelkers, P.G. Meredith, A. P. Jones, A. Striolo. The role of fluid chemistry on permeability evolution in granite: applications to natural and anthropogenic systems. EPSL


60. Marieke Rempe, Giulio Di Toro, Thomas M. Mitchell, Steven A.F. Smith, Takehiro Hirose, Joerg Renner. JGR Solid Earth). Influence of effective stress and pore fluid pressure on fault strength and slip localization in calcite gouges.


59. Rebecca Pearce, Max Moorkamp, Almudena Sanchez De La Muela Garzon, Thomas M Mitchell, James Hammond, Jose M Cembrano, Jaime Araya Vargas, Philip G Meredith.  Evidence for hydrothermal fluid and structural system interaction in the Southern Andes: A magnetotelluric and seismic study. (Tectonics)


58. Paul-Ross Thomson, Mark Jefferd, Brett L Clark, Domenico Chiarella, Tom Mitchell, Saswata Hier-Majumder. (2020) Digital Rock Physics Analysis of Brae Formation Sandstone, North Sea.


57. Mahzari, P, Mitchell, T.M., Jones, A.P., Oelkers, E.H., Striolo, E. H., Iacoviello, F., Shearing, P.R., Juri, J.E.  (in press), Novel laboratory investigation of huff-n-puff gas injection for shale oils under realistic reservoir conditions, Fuel.

56. Proctor, B., D. A. Lockner, B. D. Kilgore, T. M. Mitchell, and N. M. Beeler (2020), Direct Evidence for Fluid Pressure, Dilatancy, and Compaction Affecting Slip in Isolated Faults, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(16), doi:10.1029/2019gl086767


55. Aben, F. M., M. L. Doan, and T. M. Mitchell (2020), Variation of Hydraulic Properties Due to Dynamic Fracture Damage: Implications for Fault Zones, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 125(4), doi:10.1029/2019JB018919

54.  Ostermeijer, G. A., T. M. Mitchell, F. M. Aben, M. T. Dorsey, J. Browning, T. K. Rockwell, J. M. Fletcher, and F. Ostermeijer (2020), Damage zone heterogeneity on seismogenic faults in crystalline rock; a field study of the Borrego Fault, Baja California, Journal of Structural Geology, 137, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2020.104016


53. Fu, T.-F., T. Xu, M. J. Heap, P. G. Meredith, and T. M. Mitchell (2020), Mesoscopic time-dependent behavior of rocks based on three-dimensional discrete element grain-based model, Computers and Geotechnics, 121, doi:10.1016/j.compgeo.2020.103472.


52. Xu, T., T.-F. Fu, M. J. Heap, P. G. Meredith, T. M. Mitchell, and P. Baud (2020), Mesoscopic Damage and Fracturing of Heterogeneous Brittle Rocks Based on Three-dimensional Polycrystalline Discrete Element Method, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, doi:10.1007/s00603-020-02223-y


51. Stanton-Yonge, A., J. Cembrano, W. A. Griffith, E. Jensen, and T. M. Mitchell (2020), Self-similar length-displacement scaling achieved by scale-dependent growth processes: Evidence from the Atacama Fault System, Journal of Structural Geology, 133, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2020.103993


50. Fletcher, J. M., O. J. Teran, T. K. Rockwell, M. E. Oskin, K. W. Hudnut, R. M. Spelz, P. Lacan, M. T. Dorsey, G. Ostermeijer, T. M. Mitchell, S. O. Akciz, A. P. Hernandez-Flores, A. Hinojosa-Corona, I. Peña-Villa, and D. K. Lynch (2020), An analysis of the factors that control fault zone architecture and the importance of fault orientation relative to regional stress, GSA Bulletin, doi:10.1130/b35308.1.




49. Iacoviello, F., X. Lu, T. M. Mitchell, D. J. L. Brett, and P. R. Shearing (2019), The Imaging Resolution and Knudsen Effect on the Mass Transport of Shale Gas Assisted by Multi-length Scale X-Ray Computed Tomography, Sci Rep, 9(1), 19465, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-55999-7.


48. Zhou, G.-l., Xu, T., Heap, M.J., Meredith, P.G., Mitchell, T.M., Sesnic, A.S.-Y., Yuan, Y., 2020. A three-dimensional numerical meso-approach to modelling time-independent deformation and fracturing of brittle rocks. Computers and Geotechnics 117, 103274.


47.  Magnarini, G., T. M. Mitchell, P. M. Grindrod, L. Goren, and H. H. Schmitt (2019), Longitudinal ridges imparted by high-speed granular flow mechanisms in martian landslides, Nat Commun, 10(1), 4711, doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12734-0.


46.  Meyer, G. G., N. Brantut, T. M. Mitchell, and P. G. Meredith (2019), Fault reactivation and strain partitioning across the brittle-ductile transition, Geology, 47(12), 1127-1130, doi:10.1130/G46516.1.



45.  Aben, F. M., Brantut, N., Mitchell, T. M., & David, E. C. (2019). Rupture energetics in crustal rock from laboratory‐scale seismic tomography. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 7337– 7344.


44. Jensen, E., G. González, D. R. Faulkner, J. Cembrano, and T. M. Mitchell (2019), Fault-fluid interaction in porphyry copper hydrothermal systems: Faulted veins in radomiro Tomic, northern Chile, Journal of Structural Geology, 126, 301-317, doi: .


43. Rowe, C. D., K. Lamothe, M. Rempe, M. Andrews, T. M. Mitchell, G. Di Toro, J. C. White, and S. Aretusini (2019), Earthquake lubrication and healing explained by amorphous nanosilica, Nat Commun, 10(1), 320, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-08238-y.




42. Passelegue, F.X., N. Brantut, and T.M. Mitchell. (2018), Fault reactivation by fluid injection: Controls from stress state and injection rate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45.


41. David, E.C., N. Brantut, L. Hansen, and T.M. Mitchell. (2018), Absence of Stress induced Anisotropy during Brittle Deformation in Antigorite Serpentinite, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth,123.


40. Dobson, D. P., Thomas, R. W., & Mitchell, T. M. (2018). Diffusion profiles around quartz clasts as indicators of the thermal history of pseudotachylytes. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems,19, 4329-4341. 


39. Brantut, N., & Mitchell, T. M. (2018). Assessing the efficiency of thermal pressurization using natural pseudotachylyte bearing rocks. Geophysical Research Letters, 45.


38. Rempe, M., Mitchell, T. M., Renner, J., Smith, S. A. F., Bistacchi, A., & Di Toro, G. (2018). The relationship between microfracture damage and the physical properties of fault related rocks: The Gole Larghe Fault Zone, Italian Southern Alps. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123.


37. David, C., J. Wassermann, F. Amann, J. Klaver, C. Davy, J. Sarout, L. Esteban, E. H. Rutter, Q. Hu, L. Louis, P. Delage, D. A. Lockner, A. P. S. Selvadurai, T. Vanorio, A. Amann Hildenbrand, P. G. Meredith, J. Browning, T. M. Mitchell, C. Madonna, J. Billiotte, T. Reuschlé, D. Lasseux, J. Fortin, R. Lenormand, D. Loggia, F. Nono, G. Boitnott, E. Jahns, M. Fleury, G. Berthe, P. Braun, D. Grégoire, L. Perrier, P. Polito, Y. Jannot, A. Sommier, B. Krooss, R. Fink and A. Clark (2018). "KG²B, a collaborative benchmarking exercise for estimating the permeability of the Grimsel granodiorite—Part 2: modelling, microstructures and complementary data." Geophysical Journal International 215(2): 825-843.


36. David, C., J. Wassermann, F. Amann, D. A. Lockner, E. H. Rutter, T. Vanorio, A. Amann Hildenbrand, J. Billiotte, T. Reuschlé, D. Lasseux, J. Fortin, R. Lenormand, A. P. S. Selvadurai, P. G. Meredith, J. Browning, T. M. Mitchell, D. Loggia, F. Nono, J. Sarout, L. Esteban, C. Davy, L. Louis, G. Boitnott, C. Madonna, E. Jahns, M. Fleury, G. Berthe, P. Delage, P. Braun, D. Grégoire, L. Perrier, P. Polito, Y. Jannot, A. Sommier, B. Krooss, R. Fink, Q. Hu, J. Klaver and A. Clark (2018). "KG²B, a collaborative benchmarking exercise for estimating the permeability of the Grimsel granodiorite – Part 1: measurements, pressure dependence and pore-fluid effects." Geophysical Journal International 215(2): 799-824.


35.  Browning, J., P. G. Meredith, C. Stuart, S. Harland, D. Healy and T. M. Mitchell (2018). A Directional Crack Damage Memory Effect in Sandstone Under True Triaxial Loading. Geophysical Research Letters 45(14): 6878-6886.




34. Thomas, M. Y., T. M. Mitchell, and H. S. Bhat (2017), Fault Zone Dynamic Processes Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture PREFACE, Geophys Monogr Ser, 227, Xi-Xiii, doi:Book_Doi 10.1002/9781119156895.


33. * Pérez-Flores, P., Wang, G., Mitchell, T.M., Meredith, P., Nara, Y., Sarkar, V. & Cembrano, J.   (2017) , The effect of offset on fracture permeability of rocks from the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone, Chile. Journal of Structural Geology


32. Backeberg, N. R., F. Iacoviello, M. Rittner, T. M. Mitchell, A. P. Jones, R. Day, J. Wheeler, P. R. Shearing, P. Vermeesch and A. Striolo (2018). "Quantifying the anisotropy and tortuosity of permeable pathways in clay-rich mudstones using models based on X-ray tomography (vol 7, 2017)." Nature Scientific Reports 8.


31. * Vaughan, M. J., Prior, D. J., Jefferd, M., Brantut, N., Mitchell, T. M., and Seidemann, M., 2017, Insights into anisotropy development and weakening of ice from in situ P wave velocity monitoring during laboratory creep: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, v. 122, no. 9, p. 7076-7089.


30. Browning, J., Meredith, P. G., Stuart, C. E., Healy, D., Harland, S., and Mitchell, T. M., 2017, Acoustic characterization of crack damage evolution in sandstone deformed under conventional and true triaxial loading: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, v. 122, no. 6, p. 4395-4412.


29. Mitchell, T. M., Cembrano, J. M., Fujita, K., Hoshino, K., Faulkner, D. R., Perez-Flores, P., Arancibia, G., Rempe, M., and Gomila, R., 2017, Fluid Inclusion Evidence of Coseismic Fluid Flow Induced by Dynamic Rupture, Fault Zone Dynamic Processes, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p. 37-45.


28. Malone, D. H., Craddock, J. P., Schmitz, M. D., Kenderes, S., Kraushaar, B., Murphey, C. J., Nielsen, S., and Mitchell, T. M., (2017).  Volcanic Initiation of the Eocene Heart Mountain Slide, Wyoming, USA: The Journal of Geology, v. 0, no. 0, p. 000-000.


27. Fondriest, M., Doan, M.-L., Aben, F., Fusseis, F., Mitchell, T. M., Voorn, M., Secco, M., and Di Toro, G., (2017), Static versus dynamic fracturing in shallow carbonate fault zones: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 461, p. 8-19.


26. Rempe, M., Smith, S., Mitchell, T.M., Hirose, T., and Di Toro, G., (2017), The effect of water on strain localization in calcite fault gouge sheared at seismic slip rates: Journal of Structural Geology, v. 97, p. 104-117




25. # Wang G., Mitchell T.M., Meredith P.G., Nara Y. & Wu Z. (2016) Influence of gouge thickness and grain size on permeability of macrofractured basalt, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JB013363


24. Mitchell, T. M., V. Toy, G. Di Toro, J. Renner and R. H. Sibson (2016). "Fault welding by pseudotachylyte formation." Geology.


23. * Gomila, R., Mitchell, T.M., Arancibia, G., Cembrano, J.M., & Faulkner, D.R. 2016 (Journal of Structural Geology) Palaeopermeability structure within fault zones: A snap-shot from microfracture analyses in a strike-slip system.


22. Aben, F.M., Doan, M.-L., Mitchell, T.M., Toussaint, R., Reuschlé, T., Fondriest, M., Gratier, J.-P., and Renard, F.  2016 (JGR Solid Earth).  Dynamic fracturing by successive coseismic loadings leads to pulverization in active faults zones.




21. Healy, D., T. G. Blenkinsop, N. E. Timms, P. G. Meredith, T. M. Mitchell, and M. L. Cooke (2015), Polymodal faulting: Time for a new angle on shear failure, Review paper, Journal of Structural Geology, 80, 57-71, doi: . PDF here.


20. Toy, V. G., T. M. Mitchell, A. Druiventak, and R. Wirth (2015), Crystallographic preferred orientations may develop in nanocrystalline materials on fault planes due to surface energy interactions, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.,16 , doi:10.1002/2015GC005857.


19. Mitchell, T. M., S. A. F. Smith, M. H. Anders, G. Di Toro, S. Nielsen, A. Cavallo, and A. D. Beard (2015), Catastrophic emplacement of giant landslides aided by thermal decomposition: Heart Mountain, Wyoming, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 411(0), 199-207.




18. * Proctor, B. P., T. M. Mitchell, G. Hirth, D. Goldsby, F. Zorzi, J. D. Platt, and G. Di Toro (2014), Dynamic weakening of serpentinite gouges and bare-surfaces at seismic slip rates, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 2014JB011057, doi:10.1002/2014JB011057.


17. Rempe, M., S. A. F. Smith, F. Ferri, T. M. Mitchell, and G. Di Toro (2014), Clast-cortex aggregates in experimental and natural calcite-bearing fault zones, Journal of Structural Geology, 68, Part A(0), 142-157, doi:


16. Toy, V.G. & Mitchell, T.M. (2014). Photograph of the month. Journal of Structural Geology. PDF here.


15. Arancibia, G., Fujita, K., Hoshino, K., Mitchell, T.M., Cembrano, J.; Gomila, R.; Morata, D., Faulkner, D.R. & Rempe, M. (2014). Hydrothermal alteration in an exhumed crustal fault zone: geochemical mobility in the Caleta Coloso Fault, Atacama Fault System, Northern Chile. Tectonophysics. PDF here.




14.  Smith, S. A. F., A. Bistacchi, T. M. Mitchell, S. Mittempergher, and G. Di Toro (2013), The structure of an exhumed intraplate seismogenic fault in crystalline basement, Tectonophysics, 599(0), 29-44, doi: PDF.


13. * Rempe, M., T. Mitchell, J. Renner, S. Nippress, Y. Ben-Zion, and T. Rockwell (2013), Damage and seismic velocity structure of pulverized rocks near the San Andreas Fault, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 118(6), 2813-2831, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50184.. PDF.




12. Griffith, W.A., Mitchell, T.M., Renner, J., Di Toro, G., 2012. Coseismic damage and softening of fault rocks at seismogenic depths. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 353–354, 219-230. PDF.


11. Mitchell, T.M., Faulkner, D.R., 2012. Towards quantifying the matrix permeability of fault damage zones in low porosity rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 339–340, 24-31. PDF


10. Di Toro, G., Mittempergher, S., Ferri, F., Mitchell, T.M., Pennacchioni, G., 2012. The contribution of structural geology, experimental rock deformation and numerical modelling to an improved understanding of the seismic cycle: Preface to the Special Volume “Physico-chemical processes in seismic faults”. Journal of Structural Geology 38, 3-10. PDF 


9. Lavallée, Y., Mitchell, T.M., Heap, M.J., Vasseur, J., Hess, K.-U., Hirose, T., Dingwell, D.B., 2012. Experimental generation of volcanic pseudotachylytes: Constraining rheology. Journal of Structural Geology 38, 222-233. PDF 




8. Faulkner, D.R., Mitchell, T.M., Behnsen, J., Hirose, T., Shimamoto, T. 2011. Stuck in the mud? Earthquake nucleation and propagation through accretionary forearcs. (Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L18303, doi:10.1029/2011GL048552) PDF Picked for 'research highlights' in Nature Geoscience, October 2011 


7. Mitchell, T.M., Ben-Zion, Y., and Shimamoto, T., 2011, Pulverized fault rocks and damage asymmetry along the Arima-Takatsuki Tectonic Line, Japan: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 308, no. 3-4, p. 284-297.  PDF 


6. Faulkner, D.R., Mitchell, T.M. Jensen, E. and Cembrano, J.  2011. Scaling of fault damage zones with displacement and the implications for fault growth processes: Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, v. 116. PDF


5. De Paola, N., Hirose, T., Mitchell, T.M., Di Toro, G. Viti, C. and Shimamoto, T. Fault lubrication and earthquake propagation in thermally unstable rocks.  Geology, January 2011; v. 39; no. 1; p. 35-38.  PDF.




4. Mitchell, T. M. and D. R. Faulkner 2009. The nature and origin of off-fault damage surrounding strike-slip fault zones with a wide range of displacements: A field study from the Atacama fault system, northern Chile.  Journal of Structural Geology 31(8): 802-816.  PDF.




3. Mitchell, T. M. & Faulkner, D. R. 2008. Experimental measurements of permeability evolution during triaxial compression of initially intact crystalline rocks and implications for fluid flow in fault zones. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth 113 (B11).  PDF


2. Faulkner, D. R., Mitchell, T. M., Rutter, E. H. & Cembrano, J. 2008. On the structure and mechanical properties of large strike-slip faults. In: Structure of Fault Zones: Implications for Mechanical and Fluid-Flow Properties (edited by Wibberley, C. A. J., Kurz, W., Imber, J., Holdsworth, R. E. & Collettini, C.) 299. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 139-150.  PDF




1. Faulkner, D. R., Mitchell, T. M., Healy D, and M. J. Heap, 2006. Slip on 'weak' faults by the rotation of regional stress in the fracture damage zone.  Nature 444 (7121): 922-925.  PDF.

Hello, and welcome to my publications.  

Books / special editions

1.  Thomas, M. Y., T. M. Mitchell, and H. S. Bhat (2017), Fault Zone Dynamic Processes Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture, Geophys Monogr Ser, 227, Xi-Xiii, doi:Book_Doi 10.1002/9781119156895.


2. Di Toro, G., Ferri, F., Mitchell, T.M., Mittempergher, S., Pennacchioni, G, (Eds.) 2012, Physico-Chemical Processes in Seismic Faults. Journal of Structural Geology, 38, pp. 1-278. Guest editor.